What’s Anglish?

The intention of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from other tongues. Because of the fundamental changes to our language, to say that English people right now speak Fashionable English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The very fact is that we now speak a world language. The Anglish project is intended as a way of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.

The goal of the Anglish project differs from person to person, however largely it is to discover and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural needs, and yet for others it is solely an interesting diversion or pastime. Language performs a big role in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and form it to our own wants or needs may be very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive end in itself, in as a lot as it provides an different outlet for this need.

However there’s additionally the further concept that Anglish is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of modern English. For, though it has borrowed hundreds and hundreds of words all through its life, there still exists a true English core to English, crucial everyday words which no sentence or uttering may handle without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us higher admire that core and the function it performs in our language.

The perfect way to seek out out the place a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most respectable desktop dictionaries will embody quick etymologies for a lot of of their entries, which give a little knowledge of where the word arose from, and how it was used or written in the past. Some online dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such because the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are also dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The On-line Etymology Dictionary is probably the very best available online.

But these will only inform from the place and when a word got here into English, but not whether or not it should be thought ‘borrowed’. Some immensely old and really primary words, resembling ‘cup’ and ‘mill’, are indeed borrowed from Latin, yet nobody would say these words will not be English. Conversely, words like ‘thaumaturgy’ and ‘intelligentsia’ are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed comparatively lately.

The place to draw the line between English and ‘borrowed’ is yet an different area of personal choosing, and there are a lot of views on this amongst Anglish proponents. A very broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek within the final eight hundred years should be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was introduced into English to fill a genuine want or gap in vocabulary needs to be kept, but these words borrowed to “adorn” or “enrich” the language but in reality push out present words, needs to be weeded.

Are there really that many borrowed words in English?

Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from completely different languages during the last thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, however only about 25% of the words in English as we speak derive from such a root, and that includes these of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. Which will sound like many, one in each 4 words, but not so much when one thinks that Latin and French each account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an different 6% of words, with the final 10% being from different languages, derived from personal names, or simply unknown.

Nevertheless, as mentioned earlier, the core of the English language still mostly consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.

When a word is taken out from English, where do replacement words come from?

There are various roots for words to replace those which have been removed from English. Sometimes, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like ‘quotidian’ and ‘illegal’ can simply be switched for ‘on a regular basis’ and ‘unlawful’ without shedding which means or intelligibility. When there may be not a readily available English word for use, a new word have to be found or made. Some old or obscure words could be brought back to life and reused; new words might be calqued from English morphemes utilizing the old word’s pattern; other times wholly new words, “neologisms,” might be put collectively from existing words and affixes. None of those strategies are right or fallacious, but every has its stead in making a wide and varied lexicon for Anglish, and each is used according to the context and particular wants of a word.

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